Selection criteria for mechanical Thermometers (1): Response time

Selecting suitable mechanical thermometers for an activity is not an instant task. Bimetal thermometers or gas-actuated thermometers ? your choice on the type of thermometer alone depends upon several factors. The most important selection criteria is the response time of the measuring Instrument.
With regards to speed, there is no way around gas-actuated thermometers. As a rule of thumb, these thermometers take about 30 seconds for a temperature adjustment from 10�C to 90�C. Smuggle would display exactly the same final value after 90 seconds. Because of their short response times, gas-actuated thermometers are particularly ideal for integration into switching requirements.
The difference in speed is explained by the various functional principles of both thermometer types ? unlike the bimetal thermometer (which uses the principle of different expansion coefficients), the measuring system of a gas-actuated thermometer is filled with helium under pressure. Any change in temperature causes an instantaneous change in internal pressure in the stem. The pressure deforms the measuring tube and the deflection is transferred to the pointer with a movement.
Thermowells affect the response time
Much like other measuring instruments, in critical processes, mechanical thermometers must also be combined with a thermowell. It must be considered that such a sleeve may also have an influence, to some degree significant, on the response time of the thermometer. To what extent, depends upon the material and wall thickness of the thermowell.
Note
Further details on mechanical thermometers can be found on the WIKA website beneath the headings Dial thermometers and Thermometers with switch contacts.
See also our articles
Selection criteria for mechanical thermometers (2): process temperature
Selection criteria for dial thermometers (3): Capillary

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