Mechanical pressure switches: How does one set the switch point?

Mechanical pressure switches are often supplied with a factory-set switch point. Nevertheless, some users desire to get this to configuration themselves, as, for example, the pressure conditions in the application can change. Regarding pressure switches with a measuring aspect in a bellows, diaphragm or piston design, the manual setting of the switch point, reset point or hysteresis (based on the model) requires a certain amount of effort. Nonetheless it?s not witchcraft. This article explains, step by step, how to take action.
Happy need the next equipment: a pressure source (e.g. a dead-weight tester), a control pressure gauge, a continuity tester or a control lamp in addition to a tool for the adjustment screw (by the way, WIKA supplies the appropriate Allen key with its instruments; the standard screwdriver is enough for setting the hysteresis).
Setting plan view for the model PSM02 mechanical pressure switch from WIKA. The pin assignment 1 and 3 (small picture) corresponds to the switching function ?normally closed?, the assignment 2 and 3 will be for ?normally open?.
Setting of the switch point
First, screw the pressure switch in to the pressure source connection and connect its electrical connections to the continuity tester or control lamp.
Turn Outstanding for the switch point in completely. This sets the switch point to the highest possible value.
Now apply the required switching pressure to the pressure switch until the control pressure gauge indicates the value.
After that, turn the adjustment screw out until the instrument switches and the continuity tester or the control lamp reacts.
Then lower the pressure before pressure switch switches back and then increase it again to check on the switch point. If necessary, the switch point should be corrected by turning the adjustment screw. Repeat Ticked Off until the desired switch point is reached.
Setting of the reset point
In some applications, the reset point is set rather than the switch point, e.g. for minimum pressure monitoring. Here the procedure is similar to the switch point, but without submiting the adjustment screw.
Increase the pressure before instrument switches.
Then lower the pressure until the instrument switches back and adjust the positioning of the adjustment screw accordingly. The guideline here is:
Set point < Actual value: Turn the screw out
Set point > Actual value: Turn the screw in
Setting of the hysteresis (not with all models)
To do this, first set the switch point and then check the reset point (see above). Depending on reset point, the hysteresis screw is turned in or out. The switch point must then be checked, as changes to the hysteresis screw also affect the switch point.
An overview of the many mechanical pressure switches together with further technical information can be found on the WIKA website. Should you have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
Also read our articles
Mechanical vs. electronic pressure switches: Functionality
Mechanical vs electronic pressure switches: Application areas
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